Pajamas or pyjamas, usually shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can consult with various similar kinds of clothes originating through the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but occasionally also for lounging,[2] also by equally sexes.[three] Much more frequently, pajamas might seek advice from a number of clothes, for both daywear and nightwear, derived from classic pajamas and involving variations of fashion and product.

The word pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The original pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Company rule in India.[7][eight]

The worldwide utilization of pajamas (the phrase and the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India while in the 18th and nineteenth centuries, along with the British impact on the broader Western globe in the course of the Victorian period. Pajamas were introduced to England as "lounging attire" as early since the seventeenth century, then often called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they quickly fell from vogue. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the very first fifty percent on the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a manner in Britain and also the Western planet as sleeping attire for men right up until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[nine]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

Such a garment is used by numerous individuals in India e.g. by Females of varied courses, by Sikh Adult men, and many by Mohammedans of equally sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans being an report of dishabille and of evening apparel, and is also synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be possible that we English took the practice just like a very good a lot of Other folks through the Portuguese. As a result Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word is now Employed in London stores. A buddy furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on 40 years back, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had feet sewn on to them (as was occasionally the case with All those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it truly is due to the White Ants."[10]


Common pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants combination made of More tender material, like flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor typically features a placket entrance and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[12] Many of us prefer to rest or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for guys and boys are sometimes offered as separates.

In colloquial speech, these common pajamas in many cases are referred to as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[13] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally known as night time suits.

Some pajamas aspect a fall seat (also referred to as a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, intended to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a toilet. Fall seats were quite common on pajamas produced ahead of the 1950s, but from the early twenty-initially century They may be alternatively unusual.

Up to date pajamas are derived from traditional pajamas. There are several variations in type such as limited sleeve pajamas,[14] pajama bottoms[15] of different length,[16] or, every now and then, a single-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating numerous resources. Mainly inside the US, extend-knit sleep attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Generally worn by young children, these clothes frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one particular-piece), and may also be footed.

Though pajamas usually are distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments including nightgowns, from the US, they may have occasionally provided the latter to be a leading. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very form of shorter dress best in excess of shorts or small trousers.[18]

Pajamas might nowadays seek advice from Women of all ages's combination daywear, especially in the US in which they grew to become Click here well known during the early twentieth century, consisting of short-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these contain capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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