Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with various related kinds of clothes originating through the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by each sexes. A lot more normally, pajamas may well seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variations of style and product.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Firm rule in India.[seven][eight]
The around the world utilization of pajamas (the word as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and 19th centuries, and the British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian period. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging attire" as early given that the seventeenth century, then often called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first 50 % of your nineteenth century. They didn't become a fashion in Britain and the Western earth as sleeping apparel for men until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of use at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is used by many people in India e.g. by Girls of various classes, by Sikh Adult men, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans pidzame by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the practice just like a good lots of Other folks in the Portuguese. Thus Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word is currently used in London outlets. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 yrs ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was at times the situation with People furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it can be due to the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture product of delicate cloth, including flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket ingredient typically has a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Lots of individuals choose to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas tend to be identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas aspect a drop seat (often called a trap pidzame door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-initially century they are fairly exceptional.
Modern pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are plenty of variations in design for instance short sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of various size,[sixteen] or, on occasion, a single-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating a variety of products. Chiefly within the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Ordinarily worn by kids, these garments usually have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one particular-piece), and may be footed.
Whilst pajamas are usually distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments like nightgowns, inside the US, they've got from time to time bundled the latter to be a top. Babydoll pyjamas have a kind of brief dress leading above shorts pidzame or quick pants.
Pajamas could right now confer with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US in which they grew to become well-known while in the early twentieth century, consisting of limited-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these consist of capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.